Why?

This blog is to help you in preparing for an emergency. It also contains other information that you might find spiritually up-lifting. This is not an official website of "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints". This site is maintained by Barry McCann (barry@mail.com)

Saturday, February 6, 2016

Blowgun & Slingshot Review (Video & Transcript)



Shane: “Hey! Welcome back YouTube, Shane here with Lonewolf Survival and we’re out here at wild cat camp ground area. The Home of our Wilderness Survival School and today we are going to be talking about alternative hunting techniques and some tools that you can use. Today we will be reviewing sling shots, the different types, the pros and cons, the good ones and the bad ones, different types of ammo and then what you can actually take with the sling shots. I’ll be showing you a couple different techniques that you can use.
Dan and Paul today will be reviewing blowguns. Also for small game hunting and some of the different types of ammo and different techniques you will be using as well when hunting small game. So thanks for join us and I am going to turn it over to Paul and Dan now and they are going to talk about blowguns.”
Dan: “Hey You Tube! This is Paul.”
Paul: “Hey Everybody!”
Dan: “With LoneWolf survival. Today we’re going to be covering a couple of primitive hunting techniques for smaller game. Later we will be covering wrist rockets, but for now we are going to cover blowguns. These are things you can get with minimal investment and won’t take a lot out of your pocket.”
“The fact of the matter is they come in a lot of sizes, shapes and different methods. What we go for is about a 3ft so it’s not going to take a lot of space in your back pack and it’s something you can carry pretty easily. I shoot with a standard, pretty much nothing to it. Loads up from the back and sight in the front. Paul has a little bit different set up that he is going to show you.”
Paul: “Hi, mines a breach load. It’s got a chamber here, load the dart in from the back, push it up so it’s ready to shoot. The different tips we use are broad head, field tips, and blunt tips for knocking things out of the tree. These things are really good for rabbits, squirrels, snakes, birds and other small game.”
Dan: ”Another great thing about these things is you’re actually not going to scare off everything within a mile radius. They tend to be pretty quit. You’re not going to take down a deer but you will definitely eat for the night.
So, we’re about to cover a couple different shooting techniques, breathing techniques and things like that. Alright, so basically there is a couple different ways you can go about this. If you wanna take your time and really dial it in the goal is to come up and as you’re aiming at your target you are breathing in your breath. So the goal is to when you’re lined up with it to have your full inhale and then blow all at once. You can actually get a lot more velocity than you think you can with these things.”
“What you’re gonna do is when you bring it up and get it right about where you like your target you’re gonna focus on the target. You will actually get double vision and see two different blow gun barrels. That is how you’re going to gauge your center. You want your target to be between the V of your blow gun then you’re gonna aim a little bit low. Once you get use to shooting like that and seeing where your dart is gonna hit you can dial in how you personally shot to how you aim. Paul is going to demonstrate.”
Paul: “Just like that.”
Dan: “Alright. So what we’re looking at here is about a four inch spread between me and Paul at roughly ten to twelve yards. So you’re looking at pretty good accuracy at close range. You’ll be able to take down good, small game. You know, making you a good dinner. You may not be taking down a deer, but it gets the job done. So that goes for blowguns and now we’re actually gonna go over to Shane and he’s going to show us some sling shots and wrist rockets.
Shane: “Hey welcome back Youtube. So I am gonna be talking about sling shots and wrist rockets. Remember safety is always first and foremost when you’re using any kind of…
Dan: “Sorry bro, I was looking for these.”
Shane: “Really? So, like I was saying, safety is first and foremost so make sure you always have a back stop when you’re shooting. So, I wanna talk about the different types of wrist rockets and what we are looking at today. You have multiple wrist rockets. You have the folding type of wrist rockets, cross man, daisy, all these different companies make these. These are really good to go in your back pack or compact. Not as accurate as your larger scale wrist rockets and the original bands that come with them are not as strong. Now you can switch these out with power bands, all different kinds of bands you can buy. We’re gonna be shooting some of these.”
Then you start moving into the high end wrist rockets. You start moving into the fixed wrist rockets with the pistol grips. This is actually one that Crossman makes, Barnet makes wrist rockets. This is a high end, this is a Duck Commander. This is a Zombie Hunter Barnet with a power band on it. It also has a site on here. So all these different types of wrist rockets that you can use.”
Then I want to talk to you about the REAL high end wrist rockets. This is actually one that I picked up at a prep show that was kind of funny story. It was actually on clearance. I paid fifteen dollars for it. Worst wrist rocket I’ve ever picked up in my entire life. These retail at about 200 bucks. It come with a whisker biscuit, it come with an arrow, with a flashlight, a tactical wrist rocket. The bottom unscrews and has a compass in it and a place for extra ammo. The problem with this is it is very uncomfortable to shoot and this is about the third band we have put on it. So don’t think you have to spend a lot of money on one of these in order to get something that is accurate.”
“So that is kind of the layout. We’re gonna shoot each one and then I’m gonna talk to you about ammo real fast. You can buy the steel shot ammo like you can find at any of the sporting goods stores or Walmart. Or you can go to your local dollar store and buy glass marbles. These are really great for hunting small game. So when we look at wrist rockets and we think about what we can actually take with it. Squirrels, rabbits, birds, and things of that nature. You’re gonna have to work on your accuracy.”
“You’re gonna have to make sure you maintain these things. You are gonna have to make sure that the band itself doesn’t get dry rotted as well as the band on the back. The great thing about the wrist rockets and sling shots is you can shoot almost anything out of them. It doesn’t matter if it’s a marble, a steel shot, a ball bearing, a rock, it doesn’t really matter.”
“So what we are gonna do now is we got some targets set up and we’re gonna do some different practice shots with some different ones. I am gonna show you a couple different techniques because there are actually a couple different techniques when using the wrist rockets like this. So let’s go ahead and get set up and show you a couple different shots down range.”
“Okay so now I’m gonna show you a couple different techniques. Now most people with conventional sling shots or wrist rockets are going to hold the back strap against their forearm and they’re gonna aim straight down between the two shafts like this. That is the conventional way.”
“Now the second way is to take the wrist rocket or sling shot like you are shooting a bow and arrow. As I get untangled here. So What I am gonna do now is actually rotate around to the side and I’m gonna draw across all the way back to my chin here. Fire that way. This works the same with all sling shots and wrist rockets.”
“What I’m gonna do now is I’m gonna bring Paul and Dan in and we’re gonna get set up and we got a few targets set up down range. We are all going to take multiple shots at these to show you the destructive force that these actually have and how capable these are at actually hunting and taking out small game either with the marbles or steel balls themselves. So we’ll be back in just a minute.”
(Firing at cans)
Shane: “Okay so we’ve had a couple different targets set up. A couple monster cans of Mountain Dew bottles. You can see the destructive force that one of these sling shots can do at about 30 or 40 feet. There is one of the marbles; I’ll keep that one for later. Recycle my ammo. So you can see what kind of damage these things can do at close quarters. The different types just pick what’s best for you, what’s best for your hand. What’s comfortable, just try a few out. These are really inexpensive. Like I said they range anywhere from twelve dollars on up. A good ones gonna run you about twenty four to thirty bucks. You don’t have to buy a two hundred dollar one to have a good sling shot.”
“Small game, squirrels, birds, rabbits are not going to stand a chance against this and this is something that takes up a little bit of room. Not a lot of weight to it and I can take this anywhere I need to go. This is a really good alternative to carrying a rifle or a bow or something like that. So make sure that you do your homework. Different projectiles. You can actually shoot gobstoppers and jaw breakers out of this thing to.
“Until next time, I’m Shane with Lone Wolf Survival. Be safe and have fun.

Friday, February 5, 2016

Wilderness Survival Skills Pt 4/4: Gear, Rescue, and Survival Discussion

Tyler: “So we are here at Boulder Outdoor Survival School and we are learning primitive skills that can help you in a survival situation. Alright so let’s say I don’t know anything. I know I need gear, I don’t know what gear I need to get. Where do I start.”
Kristen: “Hmmm, you’re in a survival situation is that true? Well, you know, everything starts before that situation actually happens. You need to let people know where you are going. If no one is looking for you, then no one is going to find you. So, leave a note in your car if you’re going on a hike letting them know where you plan to go and when you plan to be back. Let friends know. Know the area, have a map of the area on you.
“So actually these skills begin before you even leave the house.”
Tyler: “Ok let’s say I was dumb and didn’t let anyone know where I was going but I was smart enough to bring some kit with me. If there is one thing, and maybe a few more but primarily one thing that I need to bring, what do you think that would be?”
Kristen: “I would say at this point in time a steel blade is probably the most important thing in ones survival kit IF you have access to clean drinking water.”
Tyler: “Okay so why do I want a knife as opposed to a canteen.”
Kristen: “The land offers plentiful resources to allow you to do everything that you would do with modern gear so long as you’re actually able to access it. Sometimes plants, bushes, trees, need an aiding device in order to gather and harvest and use them for purposes, like let’s say your hot rock boiling inside of some kind of container that can’t go in a fire.”

Tyler: “So why would you hot rock boil something inside of a container?”
Kristen: “Water purification is very important. Whenever you have the opportunity to purify your water you should, even if you trust that resource. Things like Giardia and Cryptosporidium water borne illnesses usually have an incubation period of 7 to 10 days and then after that you can have diarrhea, vomiting and you end up losing mass amounts of water. So to avoid this, purifying and filtering your water is absolutely important.”
Tyler: ”So I have my knife but I don’t have the skill set. I go to blade HQ and buy myself a knife. What can I do first? Where should I go first to learn how to make that container to boil water, to learn how to make traps, how to make shelters?”


Kristen: “Well I’m gonna back you up a second. Actually the first thing I need to know is knife safety. I know that it could be a dangerous move to take my knife out of the sheath if my hand is over the blade because it may cut me. So I am going to be careful taking my knife out of the sheath.”
“I know that carving towards my femoral artery is going to be a poor decision so I’m gonna make sure that as I begin to use my knife that I am taking care of what I call my blood bubble. Making sure that my follow through never goes where it is going to hit me. Safety comes first.”
Tyler: ”So if you find yourself hiking or lost, or you find yourself in a vehicle that is broken down. How long can you expect before getting rescued and what are some things that you can maybe prepare ahead of time just in case something like this happens?”
Kristen: “If you have told someone where you are going, most likely in the United states you will be rescued within 72 hours. If you have not told anyone where you were going you will be missing for a while before someone realizes you are gone. I would say a week to maybe two weeks is more likely.”
“The top Items that I would want to have in my car or on my person if I were stuck in a survival situation would be a sturdy knife. I would love to have it be a full size tang, mid-size blade up to a small chopper.”

“I would want to have a metal canteen or some other type of water carrying device that I could also use in the fire to boil and purify my water.”
“I personally like to have a 5×5 foot piece of cloth. Wool is my preference because it wicks well. It doesn’t tend to smell after long term use and it doesn’t catch on fire if an ember comes and hits me.”



“Another great piece of equipment to have is a military poncho. They are great to protect you from the rain immediately. Just put them on. They are great for shelter and wind protection. Just like a 5×5 sheet of cloth it is great for hauling material. I would definitely want to have a poncho on me.”
“Rope. Rope is awesome. There are a lot of natural materials that you can use to make rope, BUT para cord is my favorite thing to take with me. I like to use para cord that is about 550 pound weight because inside of a para cord there are multiple strands. You can attach each strand together and have a longer piece of rope that will still give you close to 100 pound poundage.”


“Other items I would want to have on me might include a wool sweater and wool socks. Eventually something to cover my head with because we lose a lot of heat through our core and our head.”
“For rescue stuff I would like to have a signal mirror on me. Being able to make a fire is critical for a lot of different reasons. Three fires in a row is an SOS signal to anyone in the world. Being able to make fire, having a Bic lighter, Vaseline cotton balls, pitch wood, a bow drill kit or hand drill kit on me. Definitely an item I would want to have. A fire making item.”


Tyler: “So I know one issue at night time is you get your great roaring fire set up, you fall asleep and wake up and it is gone. What is your solution to that problem?”
Kristen: “There is not a huge solution to that problem. Which is why as far as staying warm is concerned it is very helpful to use other insulatory materials VS fire. The coldest point in the night is usually the early morning. That is the time where we are totally asleep or really could be sleeping and our fire goes out or our hot rocks that we put underneath us are finally cold. Amassing your coals can help protect them and keep your fires going a little bit longer but the truth of the matter is if you want your fire to last all night long you will need to continually feed your fire wood. So you will have to wake up to do so.”
Tyler: “So once I’ve got my gear and I put that in my car kit and I find myself lost. I’ve calmed myself down and figured out where I’m at. Now what? What do I do?”
Kristen: ”If you know that you’re only going to be out there for a week and you need to take care of yourself and the area that you are in does not provide you with resources to maintain you core body temperature or does not provide you with a water source then you need to go find those things. If you leave the spot where you are last found, you want to leave a trail. Just like Hansel and Gretel. It can be pieces of a cloth that are wrapped around trees. It can be making sure that your foot prints are very deep and very easy to back track upon. It can even be a huge fire with smoke coming out of it that you can see. You go check an area and then come back to that point if you haven’t found what you are looking for. Then you go and check another area for those resources and come back to that point. Once you have found what you are looking for you can then move locations.”
“The resources that you need to pick up relate to thermal regulation and to water location. Hydrating. You need material that are going to help keep you warm and dry and finding water is apparel. Dehydration kills very quickly.”
“So how do we locate water if we have no idea where it is? One thing we can do is try to get to a high spot. The more we can see of the land the better our chances are of either seeing the low points where water runs. Even seeing reflection of water is possible from long distances or just getting a better understanding of how the land is moving so you have a better idea of where water might be. If I see sand for miles and I see a mountain in the other direction I will probably head for the mountain. I see grasses, I see bigger trees, more likely t have water than the sand.”
“What are animals doing? There may be tracks everywhere but when you want to look for water you want to look for where animal tracks are converging. Where multiple different species of animals, you find that their prints are coming together into one trail. Most likely that trail is leading towards water.”
“Another thing you can do at that vantage point is look for a change in vegetation. There may be lots of things that are green around you but you see no water nearby. If you look for a change in vegetation, things that are brighter green or I see, for example a cotton wood, some leafy things following in sort of a river like pattern that might be a great indication of water. So that vantage is huge. Get to that high point.”
“Look for things that always reside in water. Like frogs. If you hear frogs you should walk towards the frogs. Other wild life that tends to be in riparian zones that you know of, if you see any of them follow them. On that note, almost every creature needs to drink. So if there is animal life around, don’t fret, there is water around.”
“If you’re trapped out in the wilderness, for however long, and you take care of your priorities of survival, the truth of the matter is what you need to do is accept that just like our ancestors it is totally possible to live at peace in the wild. When you are afraid of nature it is scary. When you learn about it, and utilize its resources and they comfort you and you except the sunrises and the sun sets, you’re gonna do just fine. Resistance to your scenario is probably going to kill you. Acceptance until you can actually get to a point where you enjoy the natural world will save your life.”

Tyler: ”So what do you mean by maintaining a good or positive composure?
Kristen: “In times of duress we often have spikes of adrenaline which can be helpful or hurtful. What I mean by mental composure is the ability to calm oneself and utilize your natural energy that is going to happen in a survival situation in the right way. Panicking, yelling, a lot of anger and frustration, these are not helpful to your success. Sitting down, leaning against a tree, looking at something that you know like a bird or the sky that you see every day is going to make a better starting point for you to make good decisions.”




Sunday, January 31, 2016

The Hidden Cost Of Credit

As a participant with American Preppers, I’ve learned about long-term survival tactics, food and food storage, bugging out, and some of the special equipment that would improve your chances at survival success. But, I know that some of you who want to do what is necessary to protect self and family are not able to do as much as you’d like. The reason comes down to one word – Debt.
Just as our country’s debt could plunge us into chaos, personal debt is at the critical stage. When I released my book, THE CREDIT DIET back in 2002, personal debt was just over a trillion dollars. Today that number is $11.4 Trillion or a 10 fold increase. And it’s what you can’t see about debt that really costs.
credit dietThis column would like to share the benefits as well as the methods of eliminating debt without risk. Without disguising what you owe as a single payment stretched over 30 years. What you’ll find here are some easy to follow tips regarding credit, debt, and the elimination of monthly payments from your life.
For example, how long would it take to pay for a set of furniture costing $2,000 if you charged it using a store credit card making just the minimum payments? Some of you would be shocked to learn that it would take over 30 years. Others would shrug it off as the cost of getting what you want. However, let me share what you probably wouldn’t know.
The minimum payment on a charge like that would be about $38. (In all examples we will not be compounding rates, calculating tax consequences, or quoting specific interest charges. We will use worst case or best case examples to share the point. Every situation is different but principles are universal.) Taking that same $38 and investing it in silver, gold or for preppers, coins of real value (silver and gold) could be the difference in being able to trade with others.
If your metal investments earn 8% over 30 years you would earn a total of about $55,000 at $38 a month. If you found a way to earn 10%, just 2% more, you would end up with $85,000. At a rate of 12% your final total would be $132,000. And gold and silver go through the roof at 18% the total after 30 years would be $536,000. Folks, that’s a half a million dollars in the future for a couch you had to have today.
This is what I mean by the hidden cost of credit. It’s not what you see that can hurt you. It’s what you don’t see. Credit has two costs that can alter your future and neither of them is really talked about. You just saw an example of future cost for today’s comfort. You’ll never see these numbers on a financial disclosure of any loan document. They’re important numbers that you need to see and understand before you make a buying decision.
The second one is what I call the net payback. What that term means is that your payments are made in net dollars (earnings after all tax and other deductions). What you need to look at is how many hours you have to work to “net” enough to pay for a particular purchase. (To see if you’re in potential trouble with debt, email dealerresourcegroup@gmail.com and we’ll send you a free debt quiz. 7 simple questions to see if you’re in trouble.) In this case, let’s say your mortgage payment (not including tax and insurance) is $1,000 a month. If we assume that one third of your earnings are deducted for taxes (I know some are higher depending on state and local deductions) you would have to earn $1,500 to make that payment.
Since banks and other sources advertise the effective yield of potential earnings, you should calculate the “effective” interest rate you’re paying. To do that, find out what rate of interest you would be paying if your mortgage payment was at your gross earnings. For example, if $1,000 a month was reflective of a 7% mortgage and you had to earn $1,500 to make that payment, calculate what the rate would be on the same amount borrowed to reflect a $1,500 payment. In this case, the effective rate would be approximately 11.5%.
I’m being extreme to share what you may not have been considering when it comes to borrowing. After learning the hard way about the consequences of debt, I can conclude that all you do when you borrow is travel to your future earnings to pay for your past pleasures. Unfortunately, you can’t relive the past but you will have to live in your future.

Saturday, January 30, 2016

Five Dollar DIY Survival Shelter

Jack: “What’s going on guys? Black Scout Survival here today and I’m gonna show you how to make a 5 dollar shelter, survival shelter or bug out shelter kit. All you need is just a few items.
“You can put it in a bag just like this so it’s all contained but you’re gonna need duct tape, an emergency blanket. You can use a cheap Mylar. Para cord and a 55 gallon drum liner.”
“With these few really cheap items you can make a very good shelter that will keep you warm and dry in a multitude of different situations.”

“So let me put it together. So the next thing is, you’re just gonna open up your bag and find the bottom of it. So this is the bottom there and the opening is here. So what I’m gonna need to do, and this doesn’t have to be pretty. Lets fold it in half and I’m gonna take my Leather-man multi tool trauma sheers here but you can just use a knife. Just cut this bottom portion off and it doesn’t have to be pretty like I said. It doesn’t even have to be even just as close as possible. By doing this you are essentially going to be making a tube tent.”
“Now that you’ve cut that whole you now have a tube tent you can run your para cord through and have it rigged to the tree already. This pretty much is how your gonna make your ridge line for this shelter.”

“Ok, now I have rigged this up through the tube, the trash bag we made into a tube shelter. I put a truckers hitch on this side and a bowline on this side. The next thing you’re gonna do is kind of situate it where you want it at. Then take your duct tape, this is single side duct tape. I mean not single side, its stuck to a piece of paper so it’s a flat pack. That’s what they call it.”
“Now what you’re gonna do with that is just tape up the top of your edge here that way it stays in place. You’re just gonna kind of run your finger across the top to make sure that it is very on the line.”
“So now its not going to move there. So now we have the shelter all put together. I just basically ran para cord through the inside of the shelter and then I used tape to keep it up. I used stakes but you don’t have to. You can make your own in the field. I’m gonna get in the shelter and show you.”
“Do you see how there is a little bit of room underneath it. It has a lot of room. So basically that is for you to put debris under the shelter so you’re not sleeping on the ground. It will give you insulation. You definitely want that in a cold whether environment. So just pack as much debris, make sure there’s no sticks or anything like that. Just some leaves or pine straw. Give about four to six inches thick.”

“Also, if it is raining or something like that you will notice I put it at an angle so the head is higher than the feet. You can tape with that duct tape, the whole front end closed so you still have ventilation in here so you’re not gonna suffocate yourself. You can keep it pretty much water proof or keep the bag together sealed up and just run the line through it and make a whole for the line and duct tape the hole up.”

“Now also, another thing you can do is taking the emergency blanket and wrap inside this top guideline, this ridge-line and drape it through there so you have a complete water proof, wind proof shelter and also have that 90% reflective of the emergency blanket. I’m gonna go ahead and get in here.”



“And now I’m just gonna go ahead and open up this emergency blanket and show you how easy it is to wrap this inside of it. Now you want to have the doorways open because of the insulative, I mean the condensation in here. It will give it a breeze so you don’t get wet.So now you see we have the reflective Mylar on one side reflecting that heat. It’s gonna keep us warm.”
“So guys that was the $5 bug out or survival shelter. You know survival shelters should be small and easy to carry with you. This one, depending on what bag you use and stuff like that you can actually wrap it down small enough to put in your back pocket. The thing is if you also get a fire going out here it will kind of simulate the old war Kochanski super shelter because this side is open or doesn’t have the blanket on so it will reflect off that other side and keep you warm. This thing was so hot for just a few minutes I’m pouring sweat now. It’s definitely for very cold environments. Nonetheless I hope this helps you.”
“Please check us out on black scout survival.com. Make sure you subscribe to our channel. I try to put out a few new videos every week. Thanks for watching.”

a

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Picking Locks as a Survival Skill

Certainly we all regard lock picking as a rather nefarious activity used by criminals and spies, but under true, live-or-die survival situations including this skill and the necessary devices in your survival kit may be worth consideration. In a large-scale disaster there will be plenty of abandoned commercial, industrial and residential structures. Even sheds and barns can provide emergency shelter that is far superior to tarps and tents.
While breaking into someone’s home or business is not something we want to do, it may be absolutely necessary to get out of the cold, wind, rain and other hazards. Entry should be achieved with the minimum of noise and damage. A broken window or door will attract unwanted attention. Carrying a lock pick gun and/or small pry bar in your survival pack may be worth the weight. If you enter someone’s home be respectful of their property. If you must “borrow” food or other items to survive leave them a note and an IOU for future reimbursement. Just because civilization has broken down does not justify your becoming a looter. Most importantly: be sure it is truly an unoccupied structure before approaching or attempting entry. Carefully observe, call out and even knock first. Going from a desperate survivor to an intruder could result in disaster for you and the occupants. 
The lock pick gun below with its instruction should get you past most locks, but you should practice ahead of time. Lock picks alone are much smaller and lighter than this gun, but take longer to learn. There are also special master keys and jiggle keys made for padlocks and automobiles. You can get these devices online and through many survival supply catalogs. The one below is made by Scorpion Defense Products and is sold byBUDK.com for $49.99. Plain picks are just $9.95 while jiggle keys go for $19.00

Thursday, January 21, 2016

China Crash: $28 Trillion Debt Load Forces Credit Crunch

The trading year started with a bang in China.
On Monday, China’s blue-chip stock market — the CSI 300 — fell 7% in the worst trading day in four months.
The sell-off saw about $590 billion wiped from Chinese shares, according to Bloomberg. The fall was so steep that it triggered a break clause that suspended trade for the day.
The government has managed to slow the drop to a crawl Tuesday by pumping money into the stock market.
But according to analysts from Bank of America Merrill Lynch, things could get a lot worse. They see the Chinese stock market falling by 27% in 2016, and it’s all because of debt.

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Wilderness Survival Skills Pt 3/4: Hand Drill, Tarp Shelter, & Resource ...



Hand Drills:
Matt: “Hi, I’m Matt with Boulder Outdoor Survival School and what we are gonna talk about here this early afternoon is hand drill fire. We are gonna go ahead and make a fire, I think its tea time so I think we are gonna boil up some water and make a natural tea. To do that we are going to use and hand drill set to light the fire.”
“Hand Drills are a very, very universal, very ancient way, to make fire by friction. Some of the benefits of making a hand drill over a bow drill are that it is much simpler to make. Not as many moving parts and not as fidgety. On the flip side of it is one of the cons is that it takes much more practice and really perfect material and perfect form to be able to perform hand drills reliably.”
“So, here are some various iterations of a hand drill set. What I recommend and what I teach in the field is usually starting with some sort of spindle that will be from arm pit to wrist length. Much longer than that and you will get to much play at the top. Almost like trying to spin a car antenna or radio antenna. It wants to whip around. Any longer than that is not ideal. Shorter than that is going to be harder for someone just learning. The material that I am using for these spindles is generally some sort of flower stalk that has a piffy center and this ones been used so it’s a little harder to see.”
“The other component we are looking for is what we call a hearth board. A hearth board is these three items here. You’re looking for generally looking for things on the softer side than you would for a bow drill. So, something like yucca or our local material, my personal favorite, is the root of the cotton wood tree. I am going to go ahead and do a demonstration.”
“With anything fire, it doesn’t matter if you’re using a match, or a lighter, or a Ferro rod, or a hand drill. Proper prior preparation prevents piss poor performance. (Editor’s note: Say that five times fast. Lol) The old military saying, so, everything that I want to make a sustainable fire needs to be ready to go before I start putting this into service.”
“So, we’ve got our tinder bundle ready, we’ve got kindling and a fire lay ready to go. I’m going to get myself in a comfortable, level position. Get myself in a nice comfortable tri-pod and I’m actually going to wet my hand slightly to give me traction on my spindle. Seat my spindle and then I’m gonna start warming the board. So, what I am doing, this technique is called floating. Floating is kind of a modern, aboriginal innovation as far as I can tell, but it is very useful. The reason being, I don’t have to migrate down the spindle and then quickly move back to the top. I can continue spinning just by adding a little rocking motion with my hand. I can keep my hand stationary and actually warm up the board and start creating. 
You can see already I have a notch full of dust and it’s smoking pretty heavily from the periphery of the spindle. It’s not an ember yet. I am basically just building my heat and budgeting my energy.”


“At this point I’ve got a full notch and I’ve got some good heat so I am gonna go ahead and start adding some more speed and downward pressure. You can see I just have to move my hands back up to the top really quickly. And now, I have an ember and the reason I know that is because that smoke is coming from the pile of fuel I created. So at this point I am actually not in a hurry. A lot of people see that ember and get excited, they’re tired, out of breath, and their hands are probably shaking. “



“You have time with this. What I’m gonna do is gently pull the board away from the ember and let that ember collet into a nice solid material. Right now it is basically a pile of powder or piled dust.


If I gently fan it you can see it starts to glow. So I want to bring my nest to my ember. At this point it is held together well enough that you should be able to gently lift it up without it falling apart. Then I will gently tap it in to my tinder nest.”



“Here is where this little glowing ember becomes a flame. It’s got more fuel to grow into but it needs oxygen so I’m just going to gently start blowing on it. There we go.”



Making Teas:
Tyler: “To make tea one of the things we are gonna use is pine needles which has a lot of vitamin c in it. We have what’s called Brigham tea or Phedra tea, which is a stimulate and then some elder berry. This is a little prudent so they kind of balance themselves.”
Matt: “So there’s some wild tea brewed on a fire made with a hand drill.”

A-Frame Poncho Shelter:
Kirsten: “What we have here is an A-Frame poncho shelter. To start with you want to make a very taught ridge-line. I’ve connected it between two trees here. In general you want to start at at least a waist level in height. If it’s lower it will keep you warmer. If it is higher it will be a little more spacious but you’ll have more wind flow through it so it could be a little bit colder.”


“On each corner of this you want to pull out from the grommet to about a 45 degree angle, once again making sure your poncho is very taught so that you can have water slide off of this and wind not blow your shelter everywhere. So making sure things are very tight is important in any shelter but particularly in an A Frame.”


“I’ve gone ahead and tied off the hood. Tied it off so no water or precipitation can get in there, but also tied another piece of P-cord to the hood and extended it to the nice tree behind me, once again creating even more tension in this poncho.”
“With two ponchos like this you can fit about three people in there comfortably. The more you put in there the warmer it’s going to be from shared body heat, but two people, one person, this would be a good size for any of them.”
“So when you’re sleeping directly on the ground the biggest problem is the heat transfer from your body to the cold ground that wants to rob you of all your heat. The easy way to take care of that is to build up what we like to call a BOSS duff. This could be anything from dried grasses, leaves, pine needles like they have on the ground here. Bows of trees would do. What you want to do is create insulation to get yourself off the ground to slow down that transfer of heat and allow it to kind of sit around in those empty air spaces so the air pockets in the duff below you.”
“So now that I’m all set up, my shelter is taken care of, I’m gonna go walk the area and look for resources I can eat and use fore other crafts that I have in mind.”
Foraging:
“When we are in survival situations we don’t always have a book telling us all of the wild edibles of the area but those types of food may be really important in your diet if you’re only living off mice and a few greens.”
“So if you’re testing a new plant the first thing you want to do is take a tiny bit of it and rub it on the inside of your wrist and then you want to wait a number of hours to see if you have a reaction. If you don’t have a reaction, you believe it to be something edible you can take the tiniest of bites. Leave it on your tongue for a few seconds and then spit it out and then rinse with some water. See what happens after a few hours, if you have anything going on. If you don’t then maybe you want to take a tiny piece, chew on it, actually swallow it and take it down with some water. If you don’t have a reaction in a few hours go for a small, but larger gathering of that plant. Have that, and then wait a full day and see what your system actually does. Anything that gives you diarrhea, anything that gives you an itchy throat, anything that gives you a stomach ache maybe that food isn’t even poisonous but it is new to your body. If it is causing you harm then maybe you shouldn’t be eating it. That is part of the progression.”

“Alright, so here we have a Ponderosa pine that has been struck by lightning actually. A couple things that are great. One, we have all these fantastic pine needles here on the ground. Nice, duff material right? So we would gather all these perhaps in a large cloth, take them to our camping sight and have bedding material. If we take a closer look at this pine, we actually find that there is a lot of pitch wood on here. Remember that pitch wood is great for flames and making fires and holding onto it. Then throughout all of this we are looking at sap basically. Sap has a lot of uses. I will take pitch and fill in different wounds that I have, cuts or things that are bothering me. Just to patch it and be done with it. Then these pine needles themselves, these larger pine needles are very high in Vitamin C so when you come across this tree with green needles on it you can take off the needles and make a tea. It taste good to. It’s a little bit sweet.”
“So this is a great plant. This is a big sage brush. Its foliage is a anti-microbial. So just by rubbing this in-between my hands it is sort of like hand sanitizer which is fantastic. If I take a bunch of it and have a pile of it we are looking at some fantastic toilet paper and when you look at the shape of this particular one and find a larger example you will find nice straight pieces that don’t have the curvature of the older sage. This is what I use for my bow drill fire kit. Pieces of sage brush. It also has some nice pealy bark on it which we know is great for nest materials. A lot of uses from a big sage brush.”

Knife Sharpening:
“Nice. So this is a good example of something that is getting close, but not quite what we are looking for for a sharpening stone. Sand stone out here works great to sharpen our Scandinavian bevel knife anyways. But you want a very flat surface and of course you need to get to the grit that is appropriate for your knife. These would rip them up and not quite a flat surface. “
Tyler: “Can we grind them out?”
Kirsten: “Yeah you can do some grinding for sure to flatten it a bit but it is nice just to get the perfect stone. Nice, flat and easy to carry. We have so much around so if you keep your eyes peeled you should be able to find something naturally.”
“So when we are looking for sharpening stones a nice place to start might be in the bit of a washer or drainage. Something like this where there has been more abrasion from water. Until you can find smoother pieces, flatter pieces or potentially something you can sharpen your knife with. Consequently out here we are able to find a lot of silk stuff which we use for our socket rocks very frequently. It’s grind-able but holds enough durability that your spindle isn’t actually going to burn into your hands and through the rock.”
“Another thing that is great about these larger slabs of sand stone is they will work very well for dead fall traps. This isn’t a good size or anything but you can see it is fairly flat in surface so we should be able to have a solid drop against another hard, durable surface and really compress and compact the animal for a death blow. Then there is also a little bit of texture to it so I might be able to get my bait sticking in a little bit of a nook without having to use a knife tip or something like that to actually create a little notch on the bottom of my trap. So, our sand stone slab works very well for dead fall traps.”

Cordage material:

Kirsten: “We have some examples of milk weed here. I use this plant for cordage material but what we need to find is dead, second year stalk. This is a small example, but this is a second year stalk from a milkweed plant. So what it can do is crush the plant all the way up to the tip. Open it up, take one half, and bend off all of this hard stuff we don’t want. What we are looking for is the fiber right here and you just peel it off. Once I’ve gotten all of my fiber clean I can twist it in a reverse rap cordage method and ultimately come out with some rope.”

Hand drill:
Matt: “So I mentioned that the hand drill and the technique for the hand drill is deceptively simple and it is. It is basically rubbing one stick against another. But when you get into trying to do this and learn this, especially the beginner. It is extremely difficult to get the technique down and the muscle memory and also just the hand toughness essentially. It is hard on your hands and also hard on your muscles. There are muscles you use doing this that probably never get used for anything else. So, you have to kind of develop those muscles over time and build up to it and not burn yourself out in the process.